CHARLBURY, a parish and market town in the hundreds of Banbury and Chadlington, in the county of Oxford, 5 miles S.E. of Chipping-Norton, and 7 miles N.W. of Woodstock. It is a station on the West Midland railway. This ancient manor and market town, founded by the Mercian kings, and by them given to the Bishop of Lincoln, afterwards passed to the monks of Eynsham, in whose possession it remained until the reign of Henry VIII., when it was purchased by St. John's College. The living is a vicarage * in the diocese of Oxford, value with the curacies of Shorthampton and Chadlington annexed, £800, in the patronage of St. John's College, Oxford. There is also a district church at Finstock, the living of which is a perpetual curacy, value £75, in the gift of St. John's College, Oxford. The parish church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a beautiful ancient structure in the early English style, with late roof. Portions of it are supposed to have been erected in the time of Edward the Confessor; it possesses monuments of the Somerset and Jenkinson families. There are places of worship for Wesleyans, Primitive Methodists, Baptists, Particular Baptists, and the Society of Friends. There is an endowed school for boys, under the patronage of Brasenose College, Oxford; also a mixed British school and an infant school, newly built. There is a fund, arising from land, for apprenticing poor boys. This is a market town, although not of so much note as formerly. The market day is Friday, and fairs are held on 1st January, the second Friday in Lent, second Friday after 12th August, and first Friday in October.The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2003
An index of names from Historical and other notes on Charlbury, by John Kibble, 1927, of Finstock. Covers Charlbury (Cotswolds) and its nine hamlets. Prepared by Mike Foster, January 1993.
Maintained by Malcolm Austen.
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